A new Radiology Journal study found that combining Triple-rule-out CT (TRO CT) with Late Contrast Enhancement CT (LCE CT) significantly improves acute chest pain diagnosis.
Background – It’s traditionally been challenging to diagnose patients with acute chest pain and mild troponin rise, as TRO CT is effective for several key diagnoses (coronary artery disease, acute aortic syndrome, pulmonary embolism) but can’t identify nonvascular causes of myocardial injury.
The Study – The researchers examined 84 troponin-positive patients with acute chest pain using TRO CT, and then performed LCE CT exams on the 42 patients who had negative/inconclusive results.
The Results – The added LCE CT exams revealed positive/conclusive findings in 34 of the 42 previously-negative/inconclusive patients (including 22 w/ myocarditis), improving overall diagnostic rates from 50% to 90% (from 42/84 to 76/84).
The Takeaway – This new TRO CT + LCE CT protocol could make cardiac CT a “one-stop shop” for diagnosing acute chest pain, eliminating the need for follow-up MRI exams and allowing faster diagnoses. That’s especially notable considering that CT is already recommended for patients with low-risk acute chest pain (to exclude CAD) and was recently proposed as a gatekeeper for invasive coronary angiography.